What do you know about “CERTIFICATES OF ORIGIN ”as per ISBP_ (1)

What do you know about “Certificates of origin ”as per ISBP?

What do you know about “Certificates of origin ”as per ISBP? Ans: CERTIFICATES OF ORIGIN :  Basic requirement 196) A requirement for a certificate of origin will be satisfied by the presentation of a signed, dated document that certifies to the origin of the goods. Issuers of certificates of origin […]

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Floating Rates of Exchange_ Implementation Mechanism & Operational Procedure

Floating Rates of Exchange: Implementation Mechanism & Operational Procedure

Floating Rates of Exchange: Implementation Mechanism & Operational Procedure Exchange rate is one of the key macroeconomic variables and efficient management of exchange rate is very crucial for continued performance of external sector competitiveness and openness. Like the experiences of many other countries considering gradual openness and increasingly integrated pace […]

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What is the function of Treasury front office

What is the function of Treasury front office?

What is the function of Treasury front office? Functions of Treasury Front Office: Statutory management Optimization of risk return through specialization and management Funding of the Balance Sheet at optimum prices Proposing interest rate matrix to the ALCO Proposing various investment options to the ALCO Analyze various economic trends and […]

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What are the Importance of International Business for economy

What are the Importance of International Business for economy?

What are the Importance of International Business for economy? The points below highlight the importance of international business: a) Earn foreign exchange: International business exports its goods and services all over the world. This helps to earn valuable foreign exchange. This foreign exchange is used to pay for imports. Foreign […]

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What are the reasons against foreign Trade

What are the reasons against foreign Trade?

What are the reasons against foreign Trade? Reasons against Foreign Trade are given below: Following points explain the need and importance of foreign trade to a nation.   Division of labor and specialization Foreign trade leads to division of labor and specialization at the world level. Some countries have abundant natural resources. […]

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What is foreign Trade or International Trade?

What is foreign Trade or International Trade?

What is foreign Trade or International Trade? Foreign trade is nothing but trade between the different countries of the world. It is also called as International trade, External trade or Inter-Regional trade. It consists of imports, exports and entrepot. The inflow of goods in a country is called import trade […]

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How to use the interest rate swap

How To Use The Interest Rate Swap

How To Use The Interest Rate Swap The basic structure of an interest rate swap consists of the exchange between two counterparties of fixed-rate interest for floating-rate interest in the same currency calculated by reference to a mutually agreed notional principal amount. This principle amount, which would normally equate to […]

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Bank Financing Techniques to traders and manufacturers

Bank Financing Techniques to traders and manufacturers

Bank Financing Techniques to traders and manufacturers Financing Techniques Exporters, both traders and manufacturers, need finance before and after shipment of goods to the foreign buyers. In each of these phases (before and after), exporters need different types of financial assistance depending on the modes of payments contained in export contracts […]

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Export financing_ Pre-shipment and Post-shipment

Export financing: Pre-shipment and Post-shipment

Export financing: Pre-shipment and Post-shipment Export financing: Pre-shipment and Post-shipment Pre-shipment: Bai Salam/ Packing Credit /Cash Credit (Hypothecation/Pledge). Back to Back L/C. Musharaka pre-shipment /Packing Credit Post-shipment : Negotiation of Export Bills. Baim com (Single term)/Time Loan. Quard against Cash Incentive / Duty Draw Back. Pre-shipment export finance Bai Salam/Cash […]

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