SWIFT is the acronym of worldwide interbank financial telecommunication
History of SWIFT
Increase in International trade and commerce after World War-II
Efficient Banking System for payment mechanism with Security, Reliability and Confidentiality was needed.
Computer and Telecommunication technology came to rescue.
Co-operative organization SWIFT was born
SWIFT is the industry-owned co-operative
Established in 1973
Head quarters at Brussels Belgium
Common language for international financial transactions
Secure, Standardised messaging services
Provides interface software
Advantages of SWIFT
It is Highly Secured
It is Highly Reliable
It is very cost effective
It is Standardized – accepted globally
It is a STANDARD SETTER
Offer standardized web based trust service and e-payments to corporate customers active in B2B E-commerce
System Control Processor
Controls the entire Network
Organizing Recovery of the Network
Responsible for introduction of New Software online
Two SCP center on SWIFT Network
SWIFT Security objectives
Information is disclosed to authorized persons at authorized location only
Information can be RELIED upon ABSOLUTE, ACCURATE and VALID.
Information and the associated services is accessible and usable when needed
Every individual authorized to use the system is accountable
Key Authentication Mechanism
SWIFT BANK IDENTIFICATION CODE (BIC)
BIC stands for Bank Identifier Codes
It is the unique identification code of a particular Bank / Branch
SWIFT handles the registration of these codes
The code is 8 or 11 characters
4 characters – bank code
2 characters – country code
2 characters – location code
3 characters – branch code, optional ( ‘XXX’ for primary office)
Where an 8-digit code is given, you may assume that it refers to the primary office.
BIC is often called SWIFT addresses or code
Examples of BIC
BIC ICICINBB is for ICICI Bank, Mumbai
ICIC identifies ICICI Bank
IN identifies country code for India
BB identifies Code for Mumbai
BIC ICICINBB011 is for ICICI Bank, Andheri
011 identifies Code for Andheri Branch
BKE/ AUTHENTICTY MESSAGE
BKE stand for Bilateral Key Exchange
BKE is an essential part of the security of the S.W.I.F.T. network.
Exchanges secret bilateral authentication keys
Automatically generates code while sending
It also decodes and confirm while receiving
Once BKE relation established within 2 banks they can send and receive authenticated messages between them.
If No BKE present then only MT 999 can be exchanged (MT 999 Free format Unauthenticated Message)
Automatically verifies the authenticity of message
Smooth process without human intervention
Cost saved for processing
Processing time reduced
It is a written communication in a structured format
It is not a file
No Attachments can be sent
Message types (MT)
SWIFT message as identified by 3 digit number
Each MT have diff Structure / Use
Message categories series of MTs relating to a particular class of transaction, as indicated by the first digit of the MT number.
Message Blocks Header, Text , Trailer
SWIFT MESSAGES BLOCKS
Contains control information
Addressee, processing, priority and security.
Contains the substance of the message.
format and structure varies according to the MT
For control purposes, CHK Trailer, PDE Trailer
1 Customer payments and cheques
2 Financial institution transfers
3 Treasury Markets-FX, Money Markets and Derivatives
4 Collection and cash letters
5 Securities Markets
6 Treasury Market- Precious Metals/ Syndications
7 Documentary Credits and Guarantees
8 Travellers Cheques
9 Cash Managements and Customers Status
Structured / Free Format Message
X99 in each category are free format message
(799 is free format message for LC/BG)
All other are structured MTs
Structured as per Type and use of Message
Except 999 all other free format MTs are authenticated
MT 110 Scope
Advise of Cheque(s)
Sent by a drawer bank, or a bank acting on behalf of the drawer bank to the drawee bank
It is used to advise the drawee bank, or confirm to an enquiring bank, the details concerning the cheque(s) referred to in the message
MT 111 Scope
Request for Stop Payment of a Cheque
This single message type is sent by a drawer bank, or a bank acting on behalf of the drawer bank, to the drawee bank
Currency Clearing House Process
Funds transferred without any repair
No human intervention
Real time payments
ROAD TO STP
Nostro and Currency must match
Ben bank correspondent SWIFT BIC
Ben bank SWIFT BIC or A/c No. with Correspondence
Beneficiary Full A/c No. given
Beneficiary Correct Name Given
Swift structure is strictly followed
Collection MT4xx messages
MT400 : Advice of Payment
MT410 : Acknowledgement
MT412 : Advice of Acceptance
MT 499 : Authenticated free format message for documents sent under collection basis.
MT 734 Scope
This message is sent by the issuing bank to the bank from which it has received documents related to a documentary credit. It may also be sent by the bank nominated to pay/accept/negotiate/incur a deferred payment undertaking to the bank from which it has received documents.
It is used to advise the Receiver that the Sender considers the documents, as they appear on their face, not to be in accordance with the terms and conditions of the credit and that, consequently, it refuses them for the discrepancies stated. The Sender also states that it is holding the documents at the disposal of, or returning them to the Receiver.
MT 740 Scope
This message is sent by the issuing bank to the reimbursing bank.
It is used to request the Receiver to honour claims for reimbursement of payment(s) or negotiation(s) under a documentary credit.
The MT 740 authorises the reimbursing bank to debit the account of the Sender, or one of the Sender’s branches if so indicated, for reimbursements effected in accordance with the instructions in the MT 740.
MT 742 Scope
This message is sent by the paying/negotiating bank to the bank authorised to reimburse the Sender for its payments/negotiations.
It is used to claim reimbursement of payment(s) or negotiation(s) under a documentary credit, as relevant to the reimbursing bank.
MT 747 Scope
It is an ammendment to MT740. This message is sent by the bank which has issued an authorisation to reimburse (issuing bank) to the reimbursing bank.
It is used to inform the Receiver about amendments to the terms and conditions of the credit relevant to the authorisation to reimburse.
The amendment is to be considered as part of the authorisation to reimburse.
MT 754 Advice of Payment/Acceptance/Negotiation
This message is sent by the paying, accepting or negotiating bank, or the bank incurring a deferred payment undertaking, to the issuing bank. It may also be sent by the bank to which documents have been presented to a bank that has been nominated to pay/accept.
It is used to advise the Receiver that documents were presented in accordance with the credit terms and are being forwarded as instructed.
MT 756 Advice of Reimbursement or Payment
This message is sent by the issuing bank to the bank from which it has received documents or by the reimbursing bank to the bank from which it has received a reimbursement claim
It is used to advise the Receiver about reimbursement or payment, to that bank, for a drawing under a documentary credit for which no specific reimbursement instructions or payment provisions were provided.
MT 799 Free Format Message
These are authenticated free format messages typically used for L/c and BG cases.
Any messages to be sent under L/C/ BG which are general in nature, or which is used to convey a discrepancy, a MT799 can be sent.
Swift for Bank Guarantees
Below MTs are used for BG
760 Issue or request the issue of BG
767 Amendment of BG
768 Acknowledgement of a BG Message
769 Advice of Reduction or Release
MT 760 Guarantee Format Specifications
Status Tag Field Name
M 27 Sequence of Total
M 20 Transactions of Reference Number
M 23 Further Identification
O 30 Date
M 40C Applicable Rules
M 77C Details of guarantee
O 72 Sender to Receiver information
Status Tag Field Name
M 27 Sequence of Total
M 40A Form of Documentary Credit
M 20 D/C Number
M 31C Date of Issue
M 40E Applicable Rules
M 31D Date and Place of Expiry
M 50 Applicant
M 59 Beneficiary
M 32B Currency Code , Amount
M 39C Additional Amount Covered
M 41D Available with…
M 42C Drafts at….
M 42D Drawee Bank – Name & Address
M 43P Partial Shipments
M 43T Transhipment
M 44E Port of Loading / Airport of Dep.
M 44F Port of Discharge / Airport of Desti.
M 44C Latest Date of Shipment
M 45A Description of Goods / Services
M 46A Documents Required
M 47A Additional Conditions
M 71B Charges
M 48 Period of Presentation
M 49 Confirmation Instructions
M 53A Reimbursing Bank
M 78 Instruction to Pay/Acceptance/ Negotiating Bank