Basic concept of Islamic Law
Islam has a set of faith and values encompassing all aspects of life. Muslims are obliged to establish and maintain it. For example,Sovereignty, according to islam, vests in God. This means, it is only His Will that should prevail in this world. The Sovereignty of God implies the rule of the Divine Law as revealed by Allah, in the Quran to Prophet Muhammad (Sm) and as elaborated in the Prophet’s “Sunnah”. Man as vicegerent of Allah in earth can neither make nor abrogate the Divine Law. Man must necessarily submit to it if he realises that the All knowing God in His Great Wisdom is the best guide of man in all his affairs. Once the Sovereignty of God is recognised, the authority of its establishment is vested in the whole “Ummah”.
“Tawhid” is the key concept in Islam. It sums up the Islamic way of life. The word in its literal sense signifies a relationship with the only One that excludes a similar relationship with any one else. Tawhid is man’s commitment to Allah. What Allah desires of man become value for him. Man who commits himself to the will of Allah, recognises no authority except His and accepts no guidance other than His. Tawhid implies that the universe has not come into existence without a Creator,
that there is a Creator and that He is One and One alone. He is the giver of laws for human beings. The whole human life, all its affairs and spheres are to be regulated in accordance with these laws given by Him.
The view of life which Islam has presented is that this universe, which follows a set course of law and functions according to an intelligent and well laid-out plan is in reality the kingdom of one Allah. It is He Who created it, owns and governs it. Therefore, to the faithful, the Guidance and Law of God is the trust and most consistent attitude for mankind. It sets the standard for the orderly behaviour of man both individually and collectively. having once accepted the philosophy of life enunciated by the Quran and the Sunnah, a Muslim must abide by the islamic Law.